District Profile

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प्रमुख स्थानों से कृषि विज्ञान केन्द्र की दूरीः-

लखनऊ - के0वीवके0 कटिया: 72 कि0मी0

सीतापुर - के0वीवके0 कटिया: 32 कि0मी0

बिसवाँ - के0वीवके0 कटिया: 13 कि0मी0


Major Farming System / Enterprises (Bases on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming System / Enterprise
1 Crop Production
2 Crop Production + Sugarcane
3 Crop Production + Horticulture / Vegetable (Mentha, Tulsa)
4 Crop Production+ Animal Husbandry+ Fisheries

Description of Agro - Climatic Zone & Major Agro Ecological Situations

S.N. Agro - Ecological Situation Characteristics
1 Zone (5) Central Plane Zone Crop Production
2 AES I (Blocks- Maholi, Aeliya) Sandy loam & loam soil, irrigated through bore well. Major crops Sugarcane & other agricultural and horticultural crops. Dairy is the major subsidiary occupation
3 AES II(Blocks- Behta, Sakaran, Laharpur, Hargaon, Biswan, Parsendi, Reosa) Alkaline soil &silty clay soil is existing, this AES is mainly extremely water logged. Main crops are paddy, Sugarcane, Wheat, Turmeric and Menthe

Soil Types

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Loamy Soil, Sandy loam, Loam Upland soil, Poor in Soil fertility, Deep water table undulating and eroded soil 159623
2 Silty loam, Silty clay loam Water logged low land soil, Poor in soil fertility, shallow water table, canal are the major irrigation source 303599
3 Clay loam, Silty clay Mostly Plain Soil, medium rich in soil fertility, poor drainage 31942

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Metric Tonnes) Productivity (q / ha)
A Rabi (2012-13)
Wheat
Sugarcane
Barley
Toria
Lentil
Potato
Maize
Chick Pea
Pea
Rapeseed - Mustard
212.016
112.550
0.709
16.880
19.285
3.688
0.004
0.248
2.161
26.840
674.635
6111.465
1.431
13.622
15.004
89.961
0.013
0.294
1.699
23.776
31.82
543.00
20.18
8.07
7.78
24.39
32.50
11.85
7.86
8.86
B Kharif (2013)
Paddy
Sesame
Pigeon Pea
Ground Nut
Pearl Millet
Urd Bean
Moong Bean
Maize
Sorghum
Other grain
169.741
8.497
4.716
2.164
1.874
12.310
0.097
11.176
4.212
0.028
430.558
2.141
4.230
1.203
1.519
6.426
0.031
10.762
3.859
0.021
25.11
2.52
8.97
5.56
8.11
5.22
3.20
9.63
9.16
7.50
C Zaid (2012-13)
Maize
Moong Bean
Urd Bean
3-4
3
1966
468
2
1014
14.46
7.19
5.16

Weather Data

Month Standard Rainfall (mm)
January 2011 : 0.00
2012 : 77.10
2013 : 8.50
2014 : 0.0
February 2011 : 13.50
2012 : 49.80
2013 : 59.73
2014 : 0.0
March 2011 : 14.00
2012 : 16.0
2013 : 0.0
2014 : 0.0
April 2011 : 10.50
2012 : 5.0
2013 : 0.0
2014 : 0.0
May 2011 : 84.00
2012 : 0.00
2013 : 0.0
2014 : 0.0
June 2011 : 234.00
2012 : 12.50
2013 : 166.17
2014 : 51.80
July 2011 : 462.04
2012 : 350.38
2013 : 273.85
2014 : 281.20
August 2011 : 359.00
2012 : 292.72
2013 : 322.86
2014 : 187.10
September 2011 : -
2012 : -
2013 : -
2014 : -
October 2011 : -
2012 : -
2013 : -
2014 : -
November 2011 : -
2012 : -
2013 : -
2014 : -
December 2011 : -
2012 : -
2013 : -
2014 : -
Total 2011 : 1177.04
2012 : 803.5
2013 : 831.11
2014 : 520.1

Production and productivity of livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc in the district (2011)

Category Population Production Productivity
Cattle
Crossbred 20197 - -
Indigenous 587364 - -
Buffalo 509104
Sheep
Crossbred 0 - -
Indigenous 5364 - -
Goats 507151 - -
Pigs
Crossbred 1288 - -
Indigenous 44860 - -
Rabbits
Poultry
Hens 157319 - -
Others 143296 - -
Improved - - -
Ducks - - -
Turkey and Others - - -
Horse 177 - -
Fish
Marine - - -
Inland 18.81 ha 100.00 23.12
Prawn - - -
Scampi - - -
Shrimp - - -

Farming System Analysis

The Sitapur district is situated in central plane at 27°.54’- 27°.60’ N and 80°.18- 81°.24’ E at 100-150 MSL. The topography of the district is mostly planed, but large area comes under low land that is popularly known as Jheels. The ICAR allotted north-east side of the district to KVK, Sitapur-II, which is covered by three major rivers (Gomti, Chowka, Ghaghra) and their tributaries namely Sarain, Pirai, Gond, Godia, Kevani, Ikharia,comes from the Himaliyan range and every year there is occurrence of flood make a typical undulated area known as Ganjar.Average annual rainfall of the district is 989 mm. District have mainly Matiyar, loam, clay,bhoodtype of soils. Agriculture is the main and important occupation of the district. Wheat, Paddy and Urdare the main crops whereas Sugarcane, Mustard, Mentha and Tulsa are the main cash crops. Main horticultural crops are mango, Banana,Papaya,Guavaand Beretc.Farmers are also engaged in vegetable growing e.g. tomato, brinjal, okra, cole crops, cucurbits and leafy vegetables. Potato and vegetable pea is also grown in large area. Buffalo rearing and goat keeping are important component of the animal husbandry. Mostly milk is collected by co-operative processing units and to some extent milk is processed in the form of Deshighee, paneer, khoya.

There are three categories of the farmers in the district namely Resource Rich, Resource Poor and Landless Labourers. On the basis of the topography, soil types and irrigation availability, the district may be divided into two major Agro-Ecological Situations i.e.AES-I((Blocks- Maholi, Aeliya)and AES-II.(Blocks- Behta, Sakaran, Laharpur, Hargaon, Biswan, Parsendi, Reosa).


Basic Information About Sitapur District

S.N. Particulars No. / Unit
1 Geographical area (Km.2) 5743
2 No. of Tehsil 7
3 No of Blocks 19
4 No. of NyayPanchayat 209
5 No. of Gram Sabhas 1329
6 No. of Revenue Villages 2348
7 Population (In Thousands) 3620
8 Rural Population (In Thousands) 3187
9 Urban Population (In Thousands) 433
10 Literacy (%) :
Male
Female
48.3
60
34.6
11 Average Family Size
Rural area (No.)
Urban area (No.)
6.1
6.0
6.8
12 Average Annual Rainfall (mm) 989
13 Temperature (0C)
Highest
Lowest : 6
-
43.34
6
14 Size of Land Holding (ha) :
Marginal (-1 ha) :
b. Small (1-2 ha)
Medium (4-10 ha)
Large (More than 10 ha)
Cropping Intensity (%)
-
186975
120808
96315
57247
142.7

Land Utilization Pattern in Sitapur District

S.N. Particulars Area (ha.)
1 Total reported area 557610
2 Forest Area 5815
3 Banzar Land Situated for Agriculture -
4 Current fallow Land 38873
5 Other fallow Land -
6 Usar and Uncultivated Land 5715
7 Land used Other Than Agriculture 60779
8 Orchard Tress to Shrubs 51
9 Net Sown Area (in Thousand ha) 432
10 Area Sown in (ha)
Kharif
Rabi
Zaid
-
325315
279662
43254
11 Net Irrigated Area (in Thousand ha) 371